person agreement

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agreement in person between pronouns and verbs

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The system in Navajo is a "hybrid", in that it also has person agreement with GF encoding; a possible linking problem arises only when both arguments are third person, and only in this case does the empathy-based word order play a significant role in the linking resolution.
In languages like Cree which do not have GF-based person agreement or case-marking, on the other hand, the direction marking is functionally motivated in all person combinations to resolve the surface form/semantic role linking.
First and second person agreement prefixes appear in the same affix slot, and thus cannot co-occur.
This, incidentally, is reminiscent of person agreement in Algonquian.
Person agreement paradigms k-paradigm z-paradigm do-Past do-Cond do-Aor-Cop lawyer-Cop 1S yap-ti-m yap-sa-m yap-ar-0-im avukat-0-im 2S yap-ti-n yap-sa-n yap-ar-0-sin avukat-0-sin 3S yap-ti-0 yap-sa-0 yap-ar-0-0 avukat-0-0 1P yap-ti-k yap-sa-k yap-ar-0-iz avukat-0-iz 2P yap-ti-n yap-sa-n yap-ar-0-siniz avukat-0-siniz 3P yap-ti-lar yap-sa-lar yap-ar-0-lar avukat-0-lar Table 2.
19 However, the preference for 2nd person over 3rd person agreement has systematical exceptions for cases such as (65a), and no other place in the paradigm shows systematic preference for absolutive agreement.
Similarly, appearance of 2nd person agreement in 3 [right arrow] 2 forms is only possible if [-Erg+2]/[+Erg+3] remains ranked above [PL]/[SG].
Furthermore, establishing corresponding evidence in two languages, German and Dutch, is important because the anecdotal evidence on deviations of person agreement resolution rules has until now been constrained to German (and French, cf.
Or does the person agreement process systematically deviate from these resolution rules even though they are known to the speakers?
As pointed out above, person agreement on plural verbs in Dutch only becomes visible on reflexive pronouns.
Thus, it appears that in Dutch there are two different ways to compute person agreement between a compound subject and a verb.
However, while in Dutch the result of person agreement computation only becomes visible on reflexive verbs, in German, it also becomes visible on the inflectional ending of the verb (see Table 2).
Of course, such utterances will not provide the necessary data for the computation of person agreement between a compound subject and the verb.
The latter result suggests that speakers are somehow aware of the fact that there are two conflicting ways for computing person agreement, and try to avoid this conflict when possible by explicitly summarizing the two parts of the compound subject as one plural pronoun.
Although native speakers of Dutch and German deafly know that the coordination of a 2nd and a 3rd person singular element has the feature 2nd person plural, they frequently treat such coordinations as 3rd person plural when they compute the person agreement between such a coordination and a verb "directly," that is, without first contracting the two singular pronouns into a 2nd person plural pronoun.