perfective aspect


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  • noun

Synonyms for perfective aspect

the aspect of a verb that expresses a completed action

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According to Hajdu 1988 : 18, the time function of the interrogative mood form is perfective aspect rather than past tense.
When it combines with perfective aspect the inherently stative verb dyum provides a shade of the meaning that is typically associated with grammatical aspectual category of perfective.
In Veps a habitual interpretation is attested both in the case of verbs of a finished process and the perfective aspect of a given action (lahtta 'leave from somewhere', jatta 'leave something somewhere') as well as durative verbs (e.
Both have the same form in the perfective aspect, in this case poletet', which describes flying as a completed action.
To answer this question we should examine both the status of the imperfective -- perfective aspect opposition, as well as properties of the object.
One of the examples of the variety of choice principles shows that in Mordvin the definite conjugation is used mainly in the perfective aspect even when used with a definite object ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1980 : 283; Alhoniemi 1996 : 68; Keresztes 1999 : 14).
However, Leiss is not very explicit about an operationable definition, but gives a rather general characterization: "definiter Artikel und perfektiver Aspekt haben die Funktion zu signalisieren, dass ein Klassenbegriff zu einem Eigennamen aufgebaut werden soll" [the definite article and perfective aspect signal that a class term should be constructed as proper name] (p.
This involves, among others, the rule that an unmarked verb carrying the imperfect aspect is negated by bu, (22) whereas verbs carrying the perfective aspect are negated by mei.
First, Zevit repeats the common but faulty definition of the perfective aspect as viewing an action as "completed" (p.
In such cases, the perfective aspect selects for the interpretation of the object NP as count noun:
There is one other significant difference in the behavior of affirmative-negative question types in the first two-thirds of Honglou meng and those in the last third, and that is that all instances of such questions employing the perfective aspect marker ceng occur exclusively in the first eighty chapters (table 4).
There are two basic choices: in the imperfective aspect, TT is included in TSit, which, metaphorically speaking, "views the situation from its inside, as ongoing;" in the perfective aspect, TT includes TSit, which amounts to the "outside view" in which the situation is shown as "completed.
Imperfective aspect takes the role entailed by the causing event as a default for linking, while perfective aspect takes the rule entailed by the caused event as a default.
One is the inability of bu to occur with the perfective aspect marker le and the other is the incompatibility between bu and a postverbal de phrase (Huang 1988; Ernst 1995; Lee and Pan 2001).
For instance, after correctly defining perfective aspect as (topological) closure of the event, they state (p.