Men, more broadly denied upward social mobility than women (Hope 46) and devoid of other routes to strong masculine identity and status under the constrained economic circumstances of post-1980s Jamaica, sometimes negotiated their identity and sought to improve their status by "travers[ing] the more easily available and patriarchally
sanctioned routes over, above, and through the female body and feminine sexuality" (Hope 48).
Once dependent on a "family wage" earning husband, the woman now sees her standard of living fixed by "the patriarchal state" through welfare benefits and by "the patriarchally
structured labor market.
The trick is to deflect responsibility onto the victim, an academically as well as patriarchally
beneficial fiction with the added benefit of giving her the illusion that she could control the situation.
The mode of communication remains predominantly oral; forms of social hierarchy are genealogically and patriarchally
framed; and the world is understood and regulated by adat (customs) and lulik (belief in sacred objects, often fusing the human with the natural world), with Roman Catholicism layered over the top.
Susan Warner's much more puritanical and patriarchally
informed theology does not privilege such agency and choice and instead posits a God who demands complete self-abnegation and ordains suffering to elicit obedience.
Castel, on the other hand, goes to the opposite extreme, obsessively and patriarchally
maintaining that he must hold exclusive possession of Maria, not only sexually but by dominating her thoughts and monopolizing her time.
The conflicting patriarchally
imposed female archetypes of virgin or sex goddess result in the fragmentation of the female consciousness, which is depicted, in James's and Campion's Portrait, as confused, having ambiguous feelings about sex.
Morrison attends from the beginning of her career to the repercussions of this patriarchally
inflicted wound" (105-06).
Within the comfort of associations with motherhood, various media reports do focus on agency, rather than appearance, because the starting point is the patriarchally
sanctioned wife/mother role.
What is overlooked" by our economic system points to a patriarchally
grounded moral or ethical blindness, or worse an utter disregard, within that system.
Ophelia's quoted language and eroticized singing provide her with a voice that, by its audibility, ravages her socially and patriarchally
His repeated derogatory comments about "older women" (anyone over 40 in his mind) and apparent reluctance to hire married women indicated that he preferred women he could patriarchally
designate as his "girls.
In so doing she defies public/private and tiction/nonfiction binaries by intermingling the two and embarking upon thematic and stylistic "textual escap(e)ades," to borrow the term coined by Lindsey Tucker to define "subversive material that undermines and sometimes transforms patriarchally
derived literary models" (2).
38) The patriarchally
conventional idea of silly feminine style is oftentimes associated with the engendered concept of kitsch, that is--in Abraham A.
The second chapter, "From Mother to Daughter," informed by the work of the Italian Diotima group and of feminist critic Adriana Cavarero, looks at "how women writers started to give shape to a female genealogy and give it pre-eminence over a patriarchally
structured one by diversifying women's roles in society and also accounting for more independent ones" (xviii).