13) An alternative interpretation of this pattern of syntactic variation has to do with the original partitive
function of the genitive case (Lass 1994: 237), which may reflect something like "partial affectedness".
In the partitive
case (-nikko), the syllable durations were greater in tetrasyllabic words.
The OED takes the Old English (OE) overtly partitive
construction in (9) to be the ancestor of the stigmatised use of less illustrated by (1) in the previous note:
kattila 'cauldron:NOM', silta 'bridge:NOM'), while in the genitive and partitive
, the final vowel is long (3) (kattila 'cauldron:GEN', silla 'bridge:GEN'; kattila 'cauldron:PART', silta 'bridge:PART').
According to Bentley (2001), partitive
ne-sentences contain a static predication similar to locative or existential constructions and involve those core arguments playing the semantic role of theme or patient.
and in particular the role of the semantic relation prt, partitive
This activity dealt with partitive
division, in which a group is separated into a given number of equivalent groups and the students find the number of items in each group.
According to Erelt and Metslang (2004 : 261), the post-verbal NP has some object properties, such as negation triggering the partitive
case (Poisi-st [boy-ELA] ei saanud [get-NEG-3SG] meest [man.
Postpositions govern the genitive, the partitive
or the illative forms (genitive is the most frequent): ko pale (house.
This restructuring from stage 1 to stage 2 is facilitated when the target language has unambiguous syntactic evidence for the classification (such as auxiliary selection or partitive
ne-cliticization in Italian).
Before we go on to compare post-genitives and common-case of-phrases, there is a need to comment briefly on the relationship between post-genitives and partitive
constructions, as in a friend of my mother's vs.
Two types of "grouping" division problems are possible: (1) measurement division, in which the unknown is the number of groups, and (2) partitive
division, in which the unknown is the number of elements in each group.
There is a tendency for sibilants of the plural genitive and partitive
forms of s-stem nouns to strengthen after an unstressed syllable, and there are also two examples of nouns with a consonant ending second syllable strengthening in the illative singular, and a single example of strengthening occurring in the plural partitive
form of an n-stem noun.
proto-patientive") arguments as partitive
(rather than as accusative).
They nicely show partitive
division and multiplication as repeated addition.