parol evidence rule


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Words related to parol evidence rule

a rule that oral evidence cannot be used to contradict the terms of a written contract

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References in periodicals archive ?
The Uniform Commercial Code version of the parol evidence rule, [section] 2-202, wisely avoids the use of the term "integration.
Since the parol evidence rule precludes prior oral or written evidence of an agreement where the parties intend their writing to be final, complete and exclusive, the "parol" characterization is misleading.
18) The CISG's elevation of subjective intent, like its elimination of the parol evidence rule, in many ways runs contrary to many central pillars of traditional U.
3d at 1389 (holding that the parol evidence rule does not apply to contracts governed by the CISG).
hard or textualist parol evidence rule thus narrows the evidentiary base
enforces bargains, retains a hard parol evidence rule and a plain
185) Second, the court relied on "the great weight of academic commentary" to support its assertion that Article 8(3) was a rejection of the parol evidence rule.
Fifth, the court, in a footnote, disagreed with a poorly reasoned decision in the Fifth Circuit holding that the parol evidence rule could be used in conjunction with the CISG.
If this happens, the court must then look to the parol evidence rule for construction of the contract.
The parol evidence rule is a canon of contract law preventing the introduction of extrinsic evidence under certain circumstances.
The court thus stated an exception to what is the most prevalent version of the parol evidence rule.
The fact that the judgment creditor is not a signatory to the contract between the bank and depositors would appear to preclude the creditor from invoking the parol evidence rule.
A comprehensive examination of the basic contracts law principles most relevant to COOs, including the requirements for forming a valid contract (offer, acceptance, consideration), standard contract interpretation principles (including the parol evidence rule for written contracts), when a contract should be voided because of nondisclosure, duress, or other intervening events, the effect of misrepresentation, how a contract can be terminated, and remedies/damages available in the event of breach (including a nonbreaching partys duty to mitigate damages)
A comprehensive examination of the basic contracts law principles most relevant to consultants, including the requirements for forming a valid contract (offer, acceptance, consideration) and its application to client engagements, standard contract interpretation principles (including the parol evidence rule for written contracts), when a contract should be voided because of nondisclosure, duress, or other intervening events, the effect of misrepresentation, how a contract can be terminated, and remedies/damages available in the event of breach (including a nonbreaching party's duty to mitigate damages)