The author, historian Andrew Scott Cooper, said, "The regime has repressed discussion of the Pahlavis
for so long that it has had the opposite effect of making young Iranians inside the country curious about what they don't know.
1921-1941), the first Pahlavi
ruler, opposed the performance as backward and contradictory to his modernising project.
This latter idea resonates well with Iranian resentment of the humiliation it suffered at the hands of world powers during the Qajar and Pahlavi
The Baghdad Pact highlighted particularly good relations between Turkey, a secular republic, and Iran under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
, who in 1941 had succeeded his father Reza Shah Pahlavi
as the second monarch of the Pahlavi
dynasty established in 1925.
Published in 1938 simultaneous to the Royal wedding of crown prince Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
and Princess Fawziyya, the book was conveniently entitled al-Tuhfa al-Fawziyya fi ta'alim al-Farisiyya, or The Fawziyya Masterpiece in Teaching Persian.
Most of the literature pertaining to Iranian music education, such as the Gharavi (1979), although providing useful information, generally concentrates on a specific period of time, such as the Pahlavi
era (1925-1979), and does not make pedagogical connections between the key historical events and their impact on current events in Iran.
The Soviet Union and the Iran: Soviet Policy in Iran from the Beginnings of the Pahlavi
Dynasty Until the Soviet Invasion in 1941,Brill Archive.
The Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
had recently been ousted from Iran, and Ayatollah Khomeini had triumphantly returned to Tehran.
See Ali Ansari, Modern Iran Since 1921UThe Pahlavis
and After, (Harlow, Pearson 2003), pp.
Imam Ruhullah Khomeini created a Ja'fari theocracy in Iran after toppling the monarchy of the secularised Pahlavis
in early 1979, while the Kemalists in Turkey kept nurturing their military establishment until the latter staged a coup d'etat in 1980 and imposed a more determinedly secular constitution.
In Tehran, the wealthiest Jews had lived in the same neighborhood as the Pahlavis
, down the road from the Shah's new international ski resort; arriving in Beverly Hills at the height of the hostage crisis, they were treated like they had cooties.
Besides this error there are others in the spelling of wilaya, watan and also factual ones which belie a lack of knowledge of Islam and an anti-Islamic stance given her origins in an "Iranian elite family" which can mean she has sympathies toward the Pahlavis
and Iranian monarchical rule and this may obfuscate her view of MENA (Middle East and North Africa) region countries that are culturally Islamic with an Islamic constitution or elements to their constitutions such as in Iran, Algeria and Morocco.
It was much later in the second half of the twentieth century and as a reaction to Westernisation reforms of the Pahlavis
(1920-1979), when a strand of intellectual thought attempted to indigenise philosophies of government based on local (Shia) Islamic discourse.
In this reappraisal of Iran's modern history, Ervand Abrahamian traces its traumatic journey across the 20th century, through the discovery of oil, imperial interventions, the rule of the Pahlavis
, the revolution and the birth of the Islamic Republic.
But my honest opinion is the Pahlavis
, father and son, have a good chance and my guess is they will make it.