To Harry Levin's myths of Icarus and Phaeton as types of overreacher
(or Tromly's Tantalus), Grande superbly offers "the image of Zeus holding back the horses of the night, doubling a night of pleasure with his beloved and preventing the arrival of the sober daylight realities of duty, order, and reason" (14).
The trickster is an overreacher
who is frequently brought low after a temporary victory.
Russ McDonald writes, "For all Marlowe's reputation as an overreacher
, only rarely did he overreach the poetic line" in "Marlowe and Style," in The Cambridge Companion to Christopher Marlowe, ed.
For a discussion on how Barabas's downfall is caused by his desire for love and acceptance in the Maltese community, see Levin, The Overreacher
, 77-80 and 155-56.
Harry Levin, The Overreacher
, A Study of Christopher Marlowe (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1952), 110.
Each chapter displays Shepard's fine sensitivity to Marlowe's characteristic rhetorical turns, and I was continually impressed with his ability to shed new light on familiar characters: Shepard's Barabas is less the Machiavellian villain, anti-Semitic stereotype, or Marlovian overreacher
of past criticism than he is the representative of an emerging internationalist commercial ethos actively displacing a chivalric code that had once lent ideological support to military plunder.
39) See, for example, Harry Levin, The Overreacher
(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1952), 31; and Douglas Cole, Suffering and Evil in the Plays of Christopher Marlowe (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962), 11-17.
Charles is at once the head barbarian and the dupe of lesser ministerial barbarians; he is the hitherto great Protestant liberating warrior; he is the slavish overreacher
whose politics are abhorrent and military greatness past; above all he is the ally of domestic traitors who invoke a monster as their own reflection.
Ward the English pirate is a Tamburlainean overreacher
, epitomizing the kind of self-fashioning for which I'm arguing that Jews had become a kind of figure: free of normal social bonds, contemptuous of religion, treasonous whenever it serves his purpose, and impossible to understand by observation because of his duplicity.
5; TLN 2069) is also, intermittently, an overreacher
But in addition to Tamburlaine, might not Marlowe's The Jew of Malta be formative for Shakespeare's use of violent spectacle in developing Richard III as an overreacher
who savors covert confidence-sharing with the audience and mockery of Christian values?
Yet the Kurds are still seen as the overreachers
or the bringers of instability.
In fact, criticism of science, even indirect, is largely absent, though Fielding does laugh at the pretentions of cultural overreachers