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Faces of people who are not intentionally displaying an emotion expression or faces deliberately chosen as neutral by researchers nevertheless vary in their emotion demeanor (Malatesta, Fiore, and Messina 1987, Montepare and Dobish 2003, Oosterhof and Todorov 2008, Said, Sebe, and Todorov 2009), which leads to the emotion overgeneralization hypothesis.
The first likely explanation for some the language irregularities identified in the usage of the women is the unconscious overgeneralization of certain morphological "rules.
Long (1983) reviewed the literature on the effects of instruction on: (a) second language acquisition processes such as transfer or overgeneralization of rules; (b) acquisition sequence; (c) rate of acquisition; and (d) ultimate level of second language attainment.
Overgeneralizations and stereotypes abound in the work of both Maupin and Long, from the essentialist notion that men in general "aren't designed to be monogamous" to the assertions that all gay male couples either have open marriages or find themselves "neutered.
Overgeneralizations, however, are a matter of stimulus generalization and do not require mentalistic or cognitive-semantic explanations.
Rather, REBT and GS have as a basic premise the notion that people can, if they choose to, use scientific thinking to reduce their misperceptions, overgeneralizations, and poor judgments to more accurately perceive, accept, and live more contentedly with "reality.
Other common cognitive distortions involve overgeneralizations ("My extreme difficulty this month proves that the future will be extremely difficult"); catastrophizing ("My God, I will always and forever be like this"); all or none thinking ("If I can't be like I was, I can't be happy"); and selective attention ("My experience with pain defines all of me").
Then the community seemed to regain some perspective, to turn away from the impulse to cannibalize ourselves or indulge in racist overgeneralizations.
Though most established cliches grow from the grassroots and spread through repetition, some players try to impose overgeneralizations from above.
Speaking as one who is quite interested in the scientific fields of evolutionary biology and cognitive science, I must protest that it is entirely unreasonable for literary scholars to be asked to build their own work on a homogenized summary of a field they are not trained to critique, in which they are not trained to recognize overgeneralizations from data, to spot weak or faulty research assumptions, to notice the lack of or poorly defined control groups, or the misplaced use of statistical models.
Nevertheless, this productivity appears to be quite limited: overgeneralizations are quite rare, in spite of the fact that the system is highly irregular and hence affords many opportunities for error; and in nonce-word experiments, children often use the citation form in grammatical contexts which require the genitive.
One participant said overgeneralizations are problematic.
Furthermore, this point needs to be repeated throughout any work in order to help avoid overgeneralizations, as well as obscure important differences that can and should be the point of further research.
But he can also be lazy and slipshod, given to overgeneralizations and unexamined assertions.
However, so as to avoid exaggerated overgeneralizations let us focus on a particular case: An example is the women in Palestinian society, both in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
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