Even when Webster's speakers do not formulate their ideas as counterfactual statements, they often invoke the optative
mode as they struggle to explain how they became the people they are today: the philosopher "In an Almshouse," contemplating his refusal to take a stable position as a clergyman, wonders, "why was I too weak for such a life[?
21) This "now" that the apostrophe summons resists narrative and instead enacts an optative
character of poetic possibility--the uniting of a divided nation as in Whitman's pre-Civil War poetry or in the converging of the human spirit with the wind as in Percy Bysshe Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind.
In the second, O functions as Schmidt claims it should, as an optative
expression giving "the speech the character of earnestness.
126) As modernity's distant echoes of ancient rallying calls in battle, the slogan is embedded with the "residual magic" (127) of optatives
(speech acts that express wishes or desires), and of performatives.
21) More specifically, they are suppletive in the third person plural of the medio-passive indicative perfect and pluperfect of verbs with consonant-final roots verbs, and the medio-passive subjunctive and optative
In "The Faithful Mode of Wallace Stevens," Phillips shows how Stevens overcame the conflict between "the malady of the quotidian" ("The Man Whose Pharynx Was Bad") and a longing for transcendence by learning (in the wake of "The Comedian as the Letter C") to value the commonplace in and for itself In particular, she focuses on the optative
aspect of Stevens's poetry.
An historical performance by The Radical Dramaturgy Unit of Optative
Theatrical Laboratories, Sinking Neptune simultaneously enacts and interrogates the controversial re-performance of Marc Lescarbot's 1606 Theatre of Neptune in New France--a redface spectacle in which four "savages," played by French sailors, performed their submission to the rule of France, all for the benefit of a Mi'kmaq audience--as a critique of the plan to use Theatre Neptune to celebrate the "400th anniversary of theatre in Canada.
We have argued that the extra-legal nature of the early Internet, actual or optative
, has yielded to comprehensive normativity, including rules imposed by website managers and jurisdictional claims by sovereign states.
There are three independent moods, roughly comparable in function to the mood categories of many other languages: Indicative, Interrogative, and Optative
The issue is further exacerbated by the Optative
, defined as the l-participle used without the auxiliary, expressing a wish (as in Dobro nam dosli 'Welcome') or a conditional action in subordinate clauses with some su-bordinators (Silic and Pranjkovic 2005:196, 351), such as makar 'even if' or bez obzira 'regardless', as seen in (9).
In the end, although reparation for Klein constitutes "a fundamental element in love and in all human relationships," it must be rethought as an optative
gesture, a leap of faith beyond reason's moral and political calculations, a scramble to preserve and sustain life itself in the face of continued violence.
But the discussion of optative
sociology is barely two pages long, which means that nearly the entire book is a list of supposed mistakes.
masculine, NEG = negative, nom = nominal element of a nominal verb, OBL = oblique, OPT = optative
, Part = particle, pi = plural, PPTC = perfect participle, PRS = present, PRT = preterite, Q = interrogative, sg = singular.
As Newman summarizes, "In conversation, the salonnieres could travel to disallowed places, could speculate in the optative
on all kinds of terrae incognitae--on the limits and disadvantages of marriage, on pleasure and desire, on higher math and the movement of the planets.
The best example of what lekton is, is offered by the optative
sentences where the merely mental and into the future directed wish ('I wish to drink') constitutes the unavoidably incorporeal aspect of the expression.