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Of the patients in the validation set, 43 of the infertile men had nonobstructive azoospermia, 49 had asthenozoospermia, and 34 had oligospermia.
Reference range: [greater than or equal to] 2 mL; a volume of < 1 mL is referred to as oligospermia.
A diagnosis of secondary infertility due to oligospermia and hyperprolactinemia was made, and it was decided to continue treatment with cabergoline in addition to clomiphene citrate/HCG induction of ovulation with intrauterine insemination (IUI) of washed motilex sperm.
In contrast, other less-comprehensive studies found positive relationships between sperm quality measures and individual non-AhR PCBs in men with idiopathic oligospermia and/or in controls (Dallinga et al.
Results from a study of more than 2,000 infertile couples from Canada estimate that about 42 percent of women who are treated for ovulation disorders and almost 30 percent of wives of men who are treated for oligospermia will eventually give birth to a live infant.
Such combinations have been shown to induce azoospermia and clinically significant oligospermia more quickly than androgens alone.
High levels of melatonin also have been associated with exercise-related menstrual irregularities, oligospermia, and delayed or advanced puberty (Reiter, 1998).
The leading cause of male infertility at the clinic is oligospermia, defined as fewer than 20 million sperm per ml.
Workers exposed to chlordecone have been found to have oligospermia and sterility (Cohn et al.
When a patient demonstrates oligospermia (decreased sperm count) or antisperm antibodies are found in either blood plasma or seminal plasma, sperm washing is one promising treatment.
In the study, oligospermia (<20 million sperm per milliliter) was noted in the majority of the testosterone treated subjects with some exhibiting azoospermia (no detectable sperm).
It can become large and displace the urinary bladder or rectum, leading to various symptoms, including repeated urinary tract infection, epididymitis, hematuresis, pyuria, uroclepsia, oligospermia, uroschesis, and constipation.
Although the results of the present study (Figures (1), (2) and (3)) are consistent with the results of researches conducted on the effect of vitamins E and C as antioxidant on the quality of frozen-thawed sperm using rapid cryopreservation method in the comparison of oligospermia patients and normal people, the lack of significant effect on improving normal morphology of the sperm  or the use of oral carnitine for 6 months, and the lack of effect on the increase of normal sperm forms , a reverse result was expected due to the antioxidant effect of l-carnitine.
In men, the main causes of infertility are oligospermia, asthenospermia, teratozoospermia and azoospermia, which account for 20-25% of cases (5).
Other genetic abnormalities as Yq microdeletions in sperm can be detected by PCR microdeletion analysis in infertile men with severe oligospermia and non obstructive azoospermia (25,26).
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