In Schopenhauer's terms, god is not perceived as a phenomenon but intuited as the noumenon
, the universal will to life and ground of all being.
103) In other words, the noumenon
exists and it can be discursively inferred to through the study of phenomena, and this discursive knowledge is in turn both confirmable subjectively through direct personal intuition and objectively through authoritative Revelation and Tradition, and the shared experience of the Sufis.
While Momaday does not desire to be known simply as an "Indian writer," he does understand that he is part of a constellation of Native storytellers in the United States and the Americas who have found a growing audience with their understanding of the layered nature of referential meaning and material substance, noumenon
and phenomenon, as well as idea and thing.
In Berkeley's elevation of God's imaginative faculty, in his giving priority to the divine creative mind rather than to an unknowable noumenon
, Johnson finds his own intellectual justification as a writer.
What she is exploring is the question of meaning in the objects, the search for the noumenon
behind the phenomenon - though in the case of the Qur an can one really speak of any difference or distinction between these terms?
The meaning of life consists in the fact that the noumenon
Immanuel Kant [1724-1804] in his philosophical writings made efforts to rationalize the capitalist market materialism through his concepts of the dual worlds of noumenon
(things in themselves; the world of faith, belief, spirit, intuition etc.
Immanuel Kant is associated in the West with an epistemological split between the phenomenon (the appearance that one encounters) and the noumenon
(the reality behind what one encounters).
For Kant, the noumenon
is the essence of an object reached by "intellectual intuition, without the aid of the senses" (Stitt 88).
We know from Kant that of reality we reach only the phenomenon, never the noumenon
, and that only through our a priori concepts of space, time, substance, cause, etc.
It is merely thought of as a logical subject, but not in the category in which it should correspond, in other words, never as a noumenon
This month, the Ririe-Woodbury Dance Company, which performs Nikolais' work under the direction of Murray Louis and Alberto del Saz, presents multimedia classics like Tent, Tensile Involvement (below), Noumenon
Mobilus (from the '50s), and Liturgies (1983), March 6-8 in Philadelphia.
But Kant only ever speaks of a noumenon
used merely in a negative way as a boundary concept, as opposed to the same noumenon
used illegitimately for the supposed positive expansion of our field of objects.
could never believe, it was possible for [Kant] to have meant no more by his Noumenon
, or THING IN ITSELF; or that in his own conception he confined the whole plastic power to the forms of the intellect, leaving for the external cause, for the materiale of our sensations a matter without form, which is doubtless inconceivable.
Nevertheless, the respublica phaenomenon, or actual political state, might approach the ideal of the respublica noumenon
, if public laws were judged by the criterion of whether they might be authored by a universal will.