What needs to become emphasized is that psychological misorientation is grossly psychopathological (Azibo, 2011b; Azibo, Robinson, & Scott-Jones, 2011) and predisposes ADPs to a whole host of disorders that further impair and deform the African personality (Atwell & Azibo, 1991; Azibo, 1989, 2014; The Azibo Nosology
, 1998) regardless of nationality or ethnicity (Azibo, 2012).
Updated research nosology
for HIV- associated neurocognitive disorders.
6,7) Although most of the abovementioned terms are now considered outdated, the nosology
and definition of these lesions are still a matter of debate.
Doubts like Frances', on the part of both respected professionals and confused lay-persons, are inevitable given the way the APA conducts nosology
, the science of disease classification.
The findings also could further the goal of "moving beyond descriptive syndromes in psychiatry and towards a nosology
informed by disease cause," they noted.
Updated research nosology
for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.
is a set of clinical, radiologic and genetic criteria used in diagnosis of Marfan's syndrome.
has been refined over time, and is in the process of further change in the proposed DSM-V.
compile 21 chapters by European and US specialists in geriatrics, neurology, and other medical fields who discuss sarcopenia and its definition, clinical relevance, nosology
, pathophysiology, clinical identification, and treatment.
proved to be problematic, leading the Bureau of the Census to use the Statistical Manual for the Use of the Institutions for the Insane in 1917.
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000), the standard nosology
for diagnosing psychopathology and related conditions, there are ten personality disorders classified on Axis II, with individuals identified under the broad umbrella of these disorders sorted into one of three sub-categories, or "clusters.
The pathology and nosology
of primary progressive aphasia.
Unlike ASR and COSR, which are conceived to be transient and "normal," ASD is a distinct clinical entity, first incorporated into the psychiatric nosology
Problems of nosology
and psychodynamics in early childhood autism.
However, specific individual psychiatric diagnoses were not the focus of this study, and our broad classification of people with and without a psychotic disorder would have likely remained the same in the current nosology
system, as there were few changes to psychotic disorder criteria between the DSM-III-R and DSM-IV-TR.