negative stimulus


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Related to negative stimulus: aversive stimulus, Negative punishment
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References in periodicals archive ?
Control of adolescents' arbitrary matching to sample by positive and negative stimulus relations.
Aversive (ah-vers-ehv) A negative stimulus that the animal will wish to avoid in the future.
Learners respond to a positive stimulus, but this program is loaded with negative stimulus.
As consumer markets expand, the risk of failures causing a loss of confidence or high costs means manufacturers must be able to respond instantly to any unexpected negative stimulus from the market.
Fear of the negative stimulus may initially inhibit or prevent the athlete from achieving peak performance.
It is important she does not associate us with the collar being activated; we know that she knows that we disapprove and so it must appear that the negative stimulus of the citronella occurs without us being involved.
alteration of emotional responses to the negative stimulus (so as to feel better about a situation or to justify its existence).
The thesis here is that while violence at times serves as a substitute for something else or as a reaction to negative stimulus, it is also sometimes deliberately chosen as a pastime.
The positive stimulus is associated with the reinforcer, the negative stimulus is not.
Positive and negative stimulus relations in severe retarded individuals' conditional discrimination.
In both procedures previously described, the triangle had the discriminative function of a positive stimulus (S+, the stimulus related to the reinforcer), and the circle had the discriminative function of a negative stimulus (S-, the stimulus not related to the reinforcer).
Facilitation effects occur when the negative stimulus functions as a target to be detected quickly (Fox, Russo, Bowles, & Dutton, 2001; Ohman & Mineka, 2001), and interference effects occur when the negative stimulus functions as a distractor (Derryberry & Reed, 2002).
That may be the reason why the prior study (Derryberry & Reed, 1994) did not find a relationship between neurotic introverts and orienting toward negative stimulus using spatial cuing task.
Shaw and his colleagues tested flies' ability to learn by pairing a negative stimulus (the chemical quinine, which flies prefer to avoid) with a positive stimulus (a light, which flies instinctively seek).
Positive and negative stimulus relations in severely retarded individuals' conditional discrimination.