myrmecophytic


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of or relating to myrmecophytes

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Here we investigate the factors promoting species-specificity in relationships between myrmecophytic Peruvian Cecropia species (Urticaceae, Judd et al.
Cecropia is a genus of 60-70 species of mostly myrmecophytic pioneer trees (C.
The remaining seven myrmecophytic Cecropia have a similar biology.
Our studies focus on five of the seven myrmecophytic Cecropia species common in lowland Madre de Dios: C.
In Madre de Dios, five ant species produce persistent colonies exclusively in myrmecophytic Cecropia, and are therefore considered to be Cecropia specialists (Davidson and Fisher 1991).
Although all myrmecophytic Cecropia species provide both food and nest sites for ants, interspecific variation in rates of food body production and stem elongation (Folgarait and Davidson 1994) might influence the rates at which colonies can grow and reproduce, and the various ant species may proffer different degrees of protection against herbivores and competitors of their hosts (Davidson and Fisher 1991).
Transplanted to the field in June, most plants had developed myrmecophytic traits by the end of September.
Similarly, based on comparisons among myrmecophytic and nonmyrmecophytic species, Fiala and Maschwitz (1991, 1992a,b) have argued that food body production preceded myrmecophytism in Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae), the ecological equivalent of Cecropia in Asian rain forests.
Although all well-studied myrmecophytic Cecropia species produce the same two food rewards, Mullerian and pearl bodies, both the amounts and proportions of the two types of food rewards differ among species (Folgarait and Davidson 1994, 1995).
If ants could function as induced responses generally, then defense by ants in myrmecophytic plants may be more dynamic than once thought.
Induced ant recruitment in myrmecophytic plants is likely to be common.
Demonstration of this phenomenon indicates that plant defense in myrmecophytic plants is dynamic and not simply a function of ant presence in the general vicinity or the level of production of food bodies and nectar.
Myrmecophytic Cecropia - antiherbivore defenses under different nutrient treatments.
Mutualism between Maieta guianensis Aubl, a myrmecophytic melastome and one of its ant inhabitants: ant protection against insect herbivores.