myenteric plexus


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Related to myenteric plexus: Meissner's plexus, Enteric nervous system
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  • noun

Synonyms for myenteric plexus

a plexus of unmyelinated fibers and postganglionic autonomic cell bodies in the muscular coat of the esophagus and stomach and intestines

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References in periodicals archive ?
Number of ganglion cells in the myenteric plexus was counted between longitudinal and circular muscle layer of both colon and rectum of adult and neonate rats.
11,12) In patients with BN, symptoms of eating disorder may predispose to achalasia through decreasing gastric motility and triggering myenteric plexus damage because of recurrent vomiting.
This phenomenon could well be related to the degeneration of autonomic neurons in the myenteric plexus and brainstem [45].
The area of the soma, cytoplasm, and the nucleus of 300 neurons of the myenteric plexus of the terminal ileum and the descending colon (uniformly distributed all over the intestinal circumference) of the animals from each group was measured with the software Image Motic Plus, version 2.
The etiology of primary achalasia is unknown, but involves the degeneration of inhibitory neurons within the myenteric plexus responsible for LES relaxation and esophageal peristalsis.
Effects of pre and postnatal protein energy deprivation on the myenteric plexus of the small intestine: a morphometric study in weanling rats.
The best evidence pertains to the ICC surrounding the myenteric plexus (ICC-MP) of the mouse stomach and small intestine (5).
There is a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the colon, and Lewy bodies in the myenteric plexus, in patients with PD.
Neural control includes parasympathetic innervation from cranial nerve X (vagus nerve), sympathetic innervation from T10-L2 through the superior mesenteric ganglia, as well as the myenteric plexus.
Up to 50% of people aged 60 years or more living at home use laxatives [7], which can cause dehydration, hypokalaemia and myenteric plexus damage [8] and may therefore aggravate constipation.
In addition, neural control centers are located within the colon itself The myenteric plexus, a meshwork of nerves located between the bowel-wall muscles, directs local intestinal movement.
Krishnamurthy et al, [3] focused on abnormalities of the smooth muscles or of the myenteric plexus in order to explain intestinal dyskinesia.