Lu Y, Wu K, Jiang Y, Xia B, Li P, Feng H, Wyckhuys KAG, Guo Y (2010) Mirid
bug outbreaks in multiple crops correlated with wide-scale adoption of Bt cotton in China.
again, and along the way we also found enigmatic taxa, such as the shieldbug Boocoris bufiJormis Gross, which ran around like a spider on the grimmest of plants.
Collaria oleosa (Distant, 1883) (Hemiptera: Miridae) is widely distributed in South America, including various Brazilian states (Carvalho and Fontes 1981).
Field observation for the natural enemies of mirids
and interactions between mirids
and other insects in the cocoa plantation were investigated.
The era of blanket or calendar spraying of cocoa farms is now a thing of the past as farmers are encouraged to spray only when mirids
are present on the crop and in sufficient number to cause economic damage.
Similarly, the proliferation of sucking pests like mirids
and jassids, which are not controlled by Bt toxin, reflects the broader benefits of reduced use of broad-spectrum pesticides on non-target invertebrates, including predators.
This includes reduced leaf area (thrips damage); death of the apical meristem, known as tipping out (thrips, mirids
, tip-worm, or Helicoverpa spp.
were represented by only six species in this study as a result of the limited time directed at any specific taxa.
2004; Costa 2005; Martins & Ventura 2007) and chrysomelids and mirids
that may be associated with the PLYV disease (genus Sobemovirus) (Martins & Ventura 2007; Daltro et al.
Seasonal abundance of the mirids
Lygus lucorum and Adelphocoris spp.
He adores his mirids
, his saldids and his heteropteran systematics.
lucorum could feed on animal tissue, plant food was more important for the development and fecundity, which was different from other omnivorous mirids
identified as natural enemies, such as D.
Although I was really excited about the opportunity (finally, mirids
instead of beetles
We collected mostly female mirids
whereas alydids were mostly males.
We collected the little-known restheniine mirids
Oncerometopus atriscutis and Prepops rubroscutellatus over a wide range in New Mexico (11 and 9 counties, respectively) and in three counties of Arizona.