metformin


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Synonyms for metformin

an antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucophage) prescribed to treat type II diabetes

References in periodicals archive ?
In an in vitro study, a notably inhibitory effect on hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) production, as well as a moderate inhibition in HBV replication and HBeAg expression, was observed by following metformin treatment.
Donnelly, a postdoctoral research assistant at the University of Dundee (Scotland), explained why they looked at the use of metformin and anemia risk in people with type 2 diabetes.
Conclusion: Metformin has produced better effects on feto-maternal outcomes and glycemic control in comparison to Insulin in GDM.
A discrete time-failure analysis was used to model the effect of cumulative metformin exposure on anemia risk.
The evidence suggests that Metformin can be used for better glycaemic control in patients with mild to moderate kidney disease with periodic renal function monitoring.
One mechanism by which metformin works is by activating AMPK, an enzyme inside cells that lowers blood sugar by promoting energy utilization.
Previous studies have shown that metformin therapy is associated with marked changes in microbiota, especially in high fat diet conditions, suggesting a possible interaction between dietary composition, metformin and the composition of the gut microbiome (2).
The primary endpoint of the study indicated a statistically significant decrease in HbA1c at 16 weeks with Metformin Delayed Release (Metformin DR) compared with placebo in subjects with type two diabetes.
Over a 10-year period, intensive lifestyle modification reduces the absolute risk of diabetes by 34% and metformin reduces the risk by 18% for all patients at increased risk (considered as a group)-- that is, not separated by risk quartile (SOR: A, large prospective RCTs).
In head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, which develops in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and throat, diabetic patients taking a medication called metformin had better overall survival compared to those not on metformin when also treated with chemotherapy and radiation," she says.
In obese pregnant women without diabetes, daily metformin reduces maternal weight gain, but not infant birth weight, results of the MOP trial show.
Metformin is the preferred pharma cologic agent of choice for prediabetes and was recommended by the ADA's 2013 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes.
The result of a study conducted by researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar (WCMC-Q) on the molecular and cellular mechanisms of widely used diabetes drug -- metformin -- has been published in the British Journal of Pharmacology.
Like an aging actor rediscovered after being typecast for years, the long-standing diabetes drug metformin is poised to reinvent itself.