15 weeks) after surgical resection with radiation therapy (XRT ) of single metastasis
compared to XRT alone.
In this study, multivariate analysis showed CEA ≥100 ng/ml, no postoperative CT, liver vascular thrombosis, and bilobar metastasis
distribution to be independent risk factors for shorter OS; age ≥60 years, no postoperative CT, multiple metastases, and tumor ≥3 cm to be independent risk factors for shorter DFS.
com/articles/ncomms15584#discussion) study , published online in Nature Communications, researchers were studying what events promote metastasis
and found that it may be attributed to a new biochemical signaling process.
Keywords: Squamous cell cervical cancer, umbilical metastasis
, vulvar metastasis
He was referred to our department for ultrasonography of abdomen and pelvis which confirmed right renal mass with metastasis
in liver, spleen with retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy (Figure 2).
This case report aims at presenting a case that was operated on with a preliminary diagnosis of pyogenic granuloma to the scalp; however, in later microscopic evaluation, late-stage scalp metastasis
associated with mucinous breast cancer was diagnosed.
4) Occurring in less than 1% of cases, metastasis
to the spleen is exceptionally rare.
We wanted to assess effects of tumor size, proximity to midline, and invasion depth of TC, according to the surgical specimens and pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging, on neck metastasis
and recurrence between 2007 and 2014.
is a phenomenon that results from a tumor spreading via lymphatic or vascular embolization, direct implant during surgery or skin involvement by contiguity.
With common sites of metastasis
being the lungs, bones, liver, and brain, RCC still remains quite unpredictable in its pattern of spread [1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 10].
The pathological examination of the skin mass (core-biopsy) from the right hypochondrium revealed a metastasis
from a high-grade ovarian serous papillary carcinoma (Figures 1 and 2).
After taking consent from ethical research committee all patients of both genders irrespective of their age who had brain metastasis
based on MRI brain and histopathology results were included in the study and those with primary brain tumors confirmed on histopathology and Patients with coagulopathy, unfit for GA, not willing for surgery were excluded from the study.
Negative impact of bone metastasis
on outcome in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma treated with sunitinib.
Objectives: To determine the frequency of occult (node negative) cervical lymph node metastasis
in primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, using contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT).
INTRODUCTION: Distant Cutaneous metastasis
from carcinoma breast is a very rare entity.