These findings indicated respiratory acidosis, which added to metabolic alteration, is called metabolic alkalosis
with respiratory compensation.
Investigations revealed electrolytes imbalance, metabolic alkalosis
, raised aldosterone and renin levels suggestive of NBS.
A final diagnosis of ethanol-related acute hepatitis with high anion-gap metabolic acidosis owing to mixed lactic acidosis and alcohol-related ketoacidosis, associated with metabolic alkalosis
and respiratory alkalosis, electrolyte imbalance, and hypoglycemia was made.
After careful review of her prior medical history, the hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis
were relatively new findings despite her 7-year history of hypertension.
2] of 41 mm Hg at a time the serum bicarbonate level was 32 mmol/L defined a primary metabolic alkalosis
SBE less than -3mmol/L indicates metabolic acidosis, and SBE greater than a +3mmol/L indicates metabolic alkalosis
(reference range between -3 and +3mmol/L).
Delta bicarbonate was calculated to unmask the superimposition of respiratory alkalosis or acidosis with metabolic acidosis and metabolic alkalosis
Liddle's syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by early, and frequently severe, hypertension associated with low plasma renin activity, metabolic alkalosis
due to hypokalemia, and hypoaldosteronism.
Clinicopathologic findings of intestinal obstructions are often nonspecific, but the most common diagnostic test abnormalities are metabolic alkalosis
, hypochloremia, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, azotemia, hyperglycemia, and hemoconcentration.
after orthotopic liver transplantation.
When values are greater than 26 mEq/L, an excess of bicarbonate is produced and metabolic alkalosis
A positive value indicates metabolic alkalosis
and a negative value occurs with metabolic acidosis.
Hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis
as presentation of cystic fibrosis.
Anion gap metabolic acidosis and metabolic alkalosis
Administration of bicarbonate may cause recurrent metabolic alkalosis
, serum potassium and calcium disorders and myocardial dysfunction.