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the belief that the world can be made better by human effort

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As we saw in the foregoing discussion, what these different senses of pluralism in James's philosophy share is not evidently a common commitment to an "each-form" view of reality (ontological pluralism) or a commitment to a pluralistic, melioristic, and panpsychic religious worldview, but rather something much more basic: namely, a principled rejection of the common philosophical tendency to reduce plurality to unity, whether it be in the form of a plurality of things or substances, of types of thinking, of values, or of types of religious experience and belief.
The fantasy of transforming the Near East by installing democracy in Baghdad is unthinkable without acceptance of the view that, in the words of David Brooks, "People want something melioristic, they want government to do things.
Livingston begins by delimiting the key topics of the Enlightenment that come to characterize the period and his book--autonomy, reason, nature, melioristic optimism, progress, and toleration.
they generally focus on modest and melioristic reforms, on immediate obstacles rather than abstract enemies .
And if technical advance brought with it not merely benefits but dangers, the possibility of the latter could derive only from something flawed in human nature, akin to original sin, which nothing, certainly not Wells's melioristic socialism, could put right.
Unfortunately, Tocqueville's work is animated by a "vision of defeat and despair" that confines him to a merely melioristic and (at best) pre-utopian notion of futurity (White 1973, 196).
Melioristic, deserving of success, he constitutes the ideal victim for the play of darker elements.
In his 1903 centenary address, James applies these arguments to assert that Emerson's sensitivity to "the rank diversity of individual facts" made his vision essentially pluralistic, and he pragmatically locates the fundamental pluralism of Emerson's thought in its prescriptions for human behavior: far from an "indiscriminate" monistic optimism, Emerson endorses a melioristic activism that prefigures the ethics of both James and Dewey.
169, 175 (1996) (explaining why melioristic law reform efforts initially focus on criminalizing undesired behavior rather than on other civil remedies).
neither optimistic nor pessimistic, but melioristic rather.
One is political liberalism, which, like secular humanism, is intensely melioristic.