Meadow fescue forage discovered in an untended pasture will be released as "Hidden Valley.
Like other meadow fescues, it has an endophyte (symbiotic fungus) that gives it some degree of environmental protection.
In trials, the hybrid reduced run-off by 51% against a leading UK nationally recommended perennial ryegrass cultivar - and 43% compared with meadow fescue
, a closely-related species.
The analysis results showed that germination capacity of seeds of red clover, hybrid ryegrass, and meadow fescue reached up to 95-97%.
At the end of both stages of phytoremediation, cultivation of meadow fescue in soil with initial fat concentration of 12.
7 g/kg, optimal C/N ratio of 25/1 and 27/1 was obtained with meadow fescue and hybrid ryegrass, respectively.
Casler has developed a new variety of meadow fescue called Hidden Valley, and its seed is being grown for future release.
Unlike the toxic endophytes that inhabit many commercial varieties of tall fescue and ryegrass, meadow fescue does not poison livestock.
Meadow fescue is very winter-hardy and persistent, having survived decades of farming.
I am not going into all the tiny details, but the key is the "green gene" first identified in meadow fescue
, as already mentioned, and this fescue remains green because it lacks an enzyme involved in the breakdown of chlorophyll, the green pigment which plants use to manufacture food.
Some varieties are more like meadow fescue, which has well developed root systems, and others more like ryegrass, which is easy to establish and grows quickly.
Two-year trials in Devon showed that Festulolium reduced water run-off by by 43% compared to meadow fescue.
Nontoxic fungi called "endophytes" live inside meadow fescue, helping it survive heat, drought, and pests.
Meadow fescue is also highly adaptable, very winter hardy, and persistent, having survived decades of farming.
Neotyphodium endophytes trigger salt resistance in tall and meadow fescues