Senderoff, "patients who are seeking chest masculinization
often have pectoral muscles that are poorly developed and lack sufficient bulk to create the appearance of a male chest.
Another study that used the sweet preference model reported that maternal and lactational exposure to a TCDD (tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin) congener (2,3,7,8-TCDD) or to coplanar PCBs (77 and 126) was associated with evidence of masculinization
in female rats, suggesting antiestrogenic activity (Amin et al.
Idana Goldberg, "'Sacrifices Upon the Altar of Charity': The Masculinization
of Jewish Philanthropy in Mid-Nineteenth Century America," Nashim (20), 37-38.
The masculine countenance of Beatrice in the Earthly Paradise, the harshness of her words to the Pilgrim, is prefigured in the petrose, by a partial masculinization
of the Donna Petra: quintessentially "feminine" in her fateful attractiveness, but also impenetrable and unconquerable--characterized by the same "masculine" traits of the poet's opposition to winter.
and reproductive life history in the western mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis.
While transcendence through suffering may be the very point of Passion narratives, the Christological tradition of depiction and narrative does not require Gibson's relentless masculinization
of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) by immersion treatments using 17a-methyltestosterone around the time of hatching.
Extrapolating from these findings, the researchers suggest that the continuing masculinization
of China's sex ratio may reduce men's risk of engaging in nontransactional premarital sex and of contracting an STI, while increasing the likelihood of their having intercourse with a sex worker.
Although these reductions in pilosity are not as striking as in the male, they also indicate a degree of masculinization
of the mesosoma and metasoma.
A theory based on masculinization
and defeminization of the brain.
Not everyone agreed that sport was the proper pastime for women, and rather saw it as contributing to the feared masculinization
The degree of impaired masculinization
is related to fetal testosterone levels depending on the amount of 17-alpha hydroxylation blockade.
Baron-Cohen is the principal architect of the theory, which asserts that autism is linked to in utero exposure to very high levels of testosterone, with resultant extreme masculinization
of the brain and mind.
For Paralichthys olivaceus, high temperatures are associated with reduced levels of aromatase and low levels of estradiol, causing masculinization
(KITANO et al.
Chapter 2 examines the most explicit means of masculinization
of the Christian martyrs: their depiction as gladiators and athletes.