This protection comes from two antioxidants that are found in the macular area
in the retina--lutein and zeaxanthin.
If visual limitations have existed since birth, poor development of the macular area
of the retina can occur.
In macular edema, abnormal vessels growing in the macular area
At any time during progression of diabetic retinopathy, patients can develop DME, which involves retinal thickening of the macular area
While photoreceptor layer thickness abnormalities are present in the macular area
, these abnormalities are not present in the peripapillary area.
Few patients who are referred for low vision rehabilitation are free of scotomas in their macular area
Laser photocoagulation in the macular area
is most commonly carried out as a treatment for macular oedema, particularly in the sitting of diabetic retinopathy or following a branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO).
Associated with vascular obstruction is usually a breakdown of the bloodocular barrier, leading to oedema, most evident in the macular area
ERM, also known as macular pucker or cellophane maculopathy, is an avascular, fibrocellular membrane which grows across the macular area