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Synonyms for lobola

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Historically paid in cattle, lobola costs typically now range from R10,000 to R25,000 (approximately US$ 1,100-2,750) and often surpass men's annual income in rural areas.
Lobola is still practiced in South Africa today although problems surround the practice and changes are occurring.
Schapera and Maharaj have given the customary-law practice of lobola ('bride price') substantial attention (15-16), as it underscores women's situation with regards to their bodily autonomy.
In the past, once the union had been negotiated between the two families and the lobola agreed upon, the unsuspecting girl was ambushed and abducted, according to plan, by her prospective husband and his friends.
At the same time, until he pays lobola (bride wealth), a biological father may not be recognised as a legitimate father of a child, especially by the family of the child's mother, and he may be restricted from visiting his child at the mother's family homestead (Makusha, Richter, & Bhana, 2012).
These include lobola (gifts of cattle as bride-price); muti as covering the multiple senses of the Homeric term pharmakon; inyanga (traditional healer or diviner, especially one specialising in herbalism) to render the Homeric ieter or ietros.
The lobola is paid by the husband's family to the family of his soon-to-be wife, usually negotiated by the aunts and uncles on either side.
That cattle still have significant symbolic currency in the modern state of 21st century South Africa is attested to by Nelson Mandela having paid lobola (loosely translated as pride price and valued as a number of head of cattle) for his bride, Graca Machel, widow of Samora Machel the ex-president of Mozambique.
61) Practiced primarily by patrilineal communities, lobola typically consists of two stages: small, introductory payments that initiate the marriage process and the "main ceremony where major payments are made.
They also may prefer not to acknowledge paternity, if they are unable to afford to pay inhlawulo (damages for impregnating a girl) or lobola (bride wealth) (Hunter, 2006).
According to David Smith, Evelyn went to see her lawyer and said though she would not oppose the divorce, by traditional law Mandela did not have a right to the children because he had not paid lobola (or dowry) when he married her in 1944.
Land and livestock remain vital to this patrilineal society, to their sense of self and for survival; however, few nowadays can afford to keep cattle, which still symbolise the wealth of a family and are used for lobola, the custom by which a dowry is paid by the bridegroom's family for a wife.
10) For Holleman the significant difference between Shona and British marriage will be local conceptions of lobola, which will form the basis of a majority of his discussion of all local legal customs.
They often still provide lobola (bride wealth), are slaughtered to celebrate passages of life and are sacrificed to appease ancestors.