emphysema

(redirected from lobar emphysema)
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Related to lobar emphysema: congenital lobar emphysema
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  • noun

Synonyms for emphysema

an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function

References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Congenital lobar emphysema, Congenital malformation, Lung.
Congenital Lobar emphysema (CLE) is a rare anomaly with an incidence of 1:20,000 to 1:30,000 live births.
Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is a rare malformation of lung development which may be the cause of respiratory insufficiency especially in suckling child that calls for urgent diagnosis and management.
The management of congenital lobar emphysema has traditionally been surgical but due to advancement in imaging techniques, this lesion is frequently diagnosed in either asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic infants, prompting to adopt more conservative approach to these children.
Other causes of respiratory distress in a neonate (1,4) Diagnosis Diaphragmatic hernia Usually diagnosed prenatally Pulmonary agenesis / hypoplasia Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) / sequestrated segment Congenital lobar emphysema Cardiac failure / left to right shunt / Delayed diagnosis congenital heart disease Persistent foetal circulation / patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) Pulmonary oedema
Congenital lobar emphysema usually presents at birth (33%) or within the first month of life (50%) with moderate respiratory distress.
Congenital lobar emphysema is more common in males than in females (3:1).
The histopathological parameters chosen for the diagnosis of congenital lobar emphysema were found to be very useful, adjunct to the routine description.
Congenital Lobar Emphysema Mimicking as Persistent Pneumonia in a Newborn.
3 Surgical removal of the symptomatic cyst is the rule; however, observation is being carried out by pulmonologists in asymptomatic individuals or those with mild symptoms in Congenital Lobar Emphysema on the premise that spontaneous resolution has been documented.
The anaesthetic management of congenital lobar emphysema.
High frequency jet ventilation for resection of congenital lobar emphysema.