Key words: Amphibian decline, chytridiomycosis, Guatemala, Anura, Plectrohyla, Ptychohyla, leatherleaf fern.
Vast tracts of cloudforest habitat in the vicinity of the Biotopo "Mario Dary" and the villages of La Union Barrios and Purulha, Baja Verapaz, have been recently (beginning in the mid-1980s) cleared and converted into artificially-shaded leatherleaf fern plantations.
The high leaching potential of these soils places water resources in leatherleaf fern production areas at risk of contamination unless appropriate management practices are followed.
We are confident that the recent construction of massive leatherleaf fern plantations in the area has fragmented native habitat and therefore may reduce the likelihood that this area can be recolonized by frogs from other drainages.
Environmental impacts of leatherleaf fern farms in Costa Rica.
The basket shown above started with a large mother fern (Asplenium bulbiferum) on top and leatherleaf fern
(Rumohra adiantiformis), piggy-back plant (Tolmiea menziesii), and cyclamen on the sides.