The demographic structure of leatherleaf fern is largely influenced by climatic factors and forest succession and must therefore be continuously monitored over several years.
Finally, it should be emphasized that the low ecological impact of the traditional management systems is not sufficient for the maintenance of a leatherleaf fern population, since it is a pioneer species that tends to disappear during forest succession.
Even if the detritus peat in a shallow basin was accumulating at an extremely fast rate of 3 cm per year, a floating mat of leatherleaf
(Chamaedaphne calyculata) can advance as much as 6.
Keywords: Peatlands, leatherleaf
bogs, fens, ecological succession, phytogeography
Lily turf creeps in and among other common plants, such as impatiens and leatherleaf
The basket shown above started with a large mother fern (Asplenium bulbiferum) on top and leatherleaf
fern (Rumohra adiantiformis), piggy-back plant (Tolmiea menziesii), and cyclamen on the sides.
fern (Rumohraadiantiformis, often sold as Aspidium capense).
and sword ferns, dietes, knotweed, "Peter Pan' agapanthus, and a small grove of Japanese maples soften the terrace edges.
Another widely sold variety is leatherleaf
angustifolium], bog Labrador tea [Ledum groenlandicum], leatherleaf
[Chamaedaphne "alyculata], forbs, and ferns).
subfuscus, and Florida leatherleaf
[Leidyula floridana (Leidy, 1851)] were reared on diets for 7 wk to assess growth potential.
Two shrubs that are favorites with many gardeners and that produce berries in abundance are leatherleaf
mahonia, Mahonia bealei and nandina, Nandina domestica.
In this study, a new protocol for in vitro regeneration of the leatherleaf
fern was established.
The authors compared the usage and distribution of two plant species reaching their range limit in different parts of Estonia: leatherleaf
Chamaedaphne calyculata (common in eastern Estonia, Figures 5 and 6) and bog myrtle Myrica gale (common in western Estonia, Figures 7 and 8).
Preliminary trials with leatherleaf
to optimize incubation conditions showed that ethylene evolution was not stimulated by addition of water or sparging with nitrogen gas to promote anoxia prior to introduction of acetylene.