are biased in pediatric anxiety and further studies are needed to provide information about the role of perceptive, attentional, and interpretative processes in these biases, as well as determine the respective influence of anxiety type and symptoms intensity.
Foundational in this hierarchy is the regulation of tonic arousal, which is in turn intimately connected with affect regulation, autonomic regulation, and interoception
The topics include interoception
and autonomic nervous system reflexes thermo-regulation, the role of the autonomic nervous system in cardiac arrhythmias, autonomic nervous system control of the cerebral circulation, the central sympathetic nervous system in hypertension, and heart rate variability.
the togetherness of exteroception, interoception
and proprioception, is of importance.
How it comes to pass that we are emotionally aware--that is, how interoception
, though perhaps immeasurable, becomes heightened in emotional experience--would also seem to require explication.
Further, with diabetes, "processes of interoception
may detect inner biological stimuli of discomfort or nutritional deficits that could be associated with lower subjective health ratings and, by extension, cognitive performance.
primarily takes place through proprioception (conscious and subconscious patterns of movement), of which the kinesthetic and the vestibular senses are a part.
Volume 53 of the eponymous series, this title begins with two commentaries on the question of interoception
, stable characteristic, or person-by-person interaction (from a team of Belgian research psychologists at the U.
The physical structures that permit interoception
include the vestibular system of the inner ear, which governs balance (Madaule 49; Siff 70), the baroreceptors or sensors that line the heart and veins and provide us with information about our internal body pressure and the Golgi tendons which allow us to know the relative positions of our limbs in space without having to look at them (Siff 70).