We present two case reports of central venous stenosis, one of right subclavian vein and the other left innominate vein
Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular access to the innominate vein
for central venous cannulation.
In left sided PAPVC, vertical vein that was draining left pulmonary veins to innominate vein
was anastomosed side by side with left atrial appendage.
Obstruction involved subclavian vein in all cases and also involved innominate vein
in only one case.
Congenital atresia of the inferior vena cava, common iliac veins, and left innominate vein
The preoperative computed tomography with contrast demonstrated total thrombotic occlusion in the left innominate vein
, minimal thrombosis in the SVC and a lobular mass at the anterior mediastinum (9.
On the right side of the neck, the right lymphatic duct conveys the lymph from the head and neck, the upper extremity and the right side of the thorax to the right innominate vein
During the course of surgery, while the patient's chest was being opened, the innominate vein
Examples of mediastinal vascular anomalies include left aortic arch, cervical aortic arch, right aortic arch with aberrant left subclavian artery, right arch with mirror-image branching, double aortic arch, aortic coarctation, persistent left superior vena cava, a double superior vena cava, retroaortic innominate vein
, circumaortic innominate veins
, interruption of the inferior vena cava with azygos and hemiazygos continuation, pulmonary artery sling, congenital absence of the left pulmonary artery, pulmonary valvular stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus, pulmonary varix, and partial anomalous pulmonary venous return.
On the contrary, when the tip was in a different location, such as the innominate vein
or the innominate/SVC junction, incidence of thrombosis was as high as 70%.
Here, we reported a male patient, whose imaging studies revealed an ectopic parathyroid gland, located in the lower part of the superior mediastinum, below the innominate vein