in vitro


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Related to in vitro: in vivo
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Synonyms for in vitro

in an artificial environment outside the living organism

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Antonyms

in an artificial environment outside the living organism

Synonyms

References in periodicals archive ?
2011) reported results only for the full working lifetime exposure scenario and the resulting extrapolated equivalent in vitro concentrations.
As plantas crescidas in vitro podem apresentar caracteristicas peculiares como: abundancia de espacos intercelulares, sistema vascular pouco desenvolvido e reduzida capacidade de sustentacao (esclerenquima e colenquima), estomatos nao-funcionais, baixa atividade autotrofica e outros tipos de desordens (CAMPOSTRINI; OTONI, 1996).
Additional to this Phase III trial, multiple microbiology studies, both in vitro and in vivo, were presented which highlighted the potent in vitro activity of ceftobiprole against clinically relevant Gram-positive pathogens (E-0113, E-0114, C2-1143) including staphylococci recovered from bone and joint infections (E-0119) as well as from patients with endocarditis (E-0118) supporting the potential use of ceftobiprole in those high medical need areas.
Birds infected with western equine encephalitis virus or Saint Louis encephalitis virus by mosquito bite or needle exhibit no difference in viremia responses (24), and mosquito saliva inhibits in vitro infection of dendritic cells by dengue virus (25).
Many infertile couples today resort to in vitro fertilization, but many do not realize how few of the children conceived in this way come to birth.
The doctor conducted in vitro fertilization by retrieving her eggs, fertilizing the healthy ones with sperm, growing embryos, transferring several into her uterus, and freezing the rest for later use.
More than 35,000 babies have been born using in vitro in the United States since Louise Brown, the first test-tube baby, arrived 18 years ago last month.
Next, they removed some resistant tumor cells from each of the mouse groups and grew them in vitro.
An extensive list of in vitro models that have been proposed as alternatives to the Draize test has been published (Bruner et al.
Failure to oppose in vitro fertilization has resulted in the use of embryos for research.
A plaque assay was optimized to determine the in vitro infectivity of SARS-CoV.
While federal regulatory agencies still require animal tests as the definitive benchmark of human toxicity, several in vitro alternatives are now being considered as potential substitutes for some of these tests.
com/research/w4m3zp/western_europe) has announced the addition of the "Western Europe (EU-16) In Vitro Diagnostics Market Report & Forecast (2012 - 2015)" report to their offering.
As with conventional in vitro fertilization, the woman is primed with hormones to promote the development of several oocytes, and she receives a general anesthetic for the procedure.