In the ideal state power will be given to the man with most knowledge of the good; in other states to the men who are most truly capable of achieving that end which the citizens have set themselves to pursue.
Aristotle in his account of the ideal state seems to waver between two ideals.
shows how far were the existing states of Greece from the ideal with which he starts.
He thinks too much of his ideal state, as something to be reached once for all by knowledge, as a fixed type to which actual states approximate or from which they are perversions.
He whose soul longeth to experience the whole range of hitherto recognised values and desirabilities, and to circumnavigate all the coasts of this ideal 'Mediterranean Sea', who, from the adventures of his most personal experience, wants to know how it feels to be a conqueror, and discoverer of the ideal--as likewise how it is with the artist, the saint, the legislator, the sage, the scholar, the devotee, the prophet, and the godly non-conformist of the old style:--requires one thing above all for that purpose, GREAT HEALTHINESS--such healthiness as one not only possesses, but also constantly acquires and must acquire, because one unceasingly sacrifices it again, and must sacrifice it
How he longed, in those days, for the ideal friend who would thoroughly understand him, to whom he would be able to say all, and whom he imagined he had found at various periods in his life from his earliest youth onwards.
Already at the beginning of this history I hinted at the reasons which led my brother to select a Persian as the incarnation of his ideal of the majestic philosopher.
Tell her that, if she had mingled a little trust with her conception of the ideal, much heartache might have been avoided.
Tell the gentleman that I need not repeat to him a description of my ideals.
The ideal," he admits,  "poisons for me all imperfect possession"; and again, "The Buddhist tendency in me blunts the faculty of free self-government, and weakens the power of action.
To many at least of those who can detect the ideal through the disturbing circumstances which belong to all actual institutions in the world, it was already there.
Fact is corrupting--it is we who correct it by the persistence of our ideal.
And when a hazy conception of this ideal was attained, it was only by a further effort that the question of the teachableness of virtue could be resolved.
But virtue is not taught, and therefore in this higher and ideal sense there is no virtue and no knowledge.
We seem to find that the ideal of knowledge is irreconcilable with experience.