hypophysis


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Related to hypophysis: pituitary gland
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Synonyms for hypophysis

References in periodicals archive ?
001 Hypophysis hypo [phrase omitted]: "'debajo de" phy-sis [phrase omitted]: "zona de crecimiento" Al1.
Particularly ACTH, LH, FSH that are hypophysis frontal lobe hormones, vasopressin, parathyroid hormone (parathormone) from posterior lobe hormones, glucagon, epinephrine (adrenalin) and secretin from pancreas hormones and factors released from hypothalamic region are hormones affecting with such receptor system (Bingol, 1983).
Estrogen shows its impacts on the central nervous system by changes in cognition, mood, and behavior Estrogen receptors are widely spread in the brain, including the cerebral cortex, hypophysis, and limbic systems (11).
But later menarche may indicate more serious problems, such as lack of ovaries, uterine disease, dysfunction of hypophysis, or the disorders of the endocrine glands.
On imaging of the hypophysis, GH-releasing adenoma or diffuse pituitary adenoma may be found or there may be no anomaly (3, 4).
Meningiomas, craniopharyngiomas, and tumors arising from cells in the posterior hypophysis all are diagnostic possibilities for sellar region masses, and all can mimic pituitary macroadenoma on preoperative neuroimaging studies.
This receptor (GHS-R) is present in various tissues including the anterior hypophysis and the hypothalamus, and in other areas of the brain, such as the hippocampus and gray matter.
Now it is established that the development of sexual glands and their function especially in later stages of ontogenesis depend substantially on gonadostimulating hormones of a forward share of hypophysis [2].
In vertebrates, sex steroid hormones are involved in the feedback regulation of neuroendocrine systems by combining with steroid hormone receptors in nerve tissues, such as the hypophysis (Moguilewsky & Raynaud 1980), hypothalamus (Guerriero & Ciarcia 2001), and locus coeruleus (Helena et al.
The thyroid, although the primary regulation is done through the TSH hormone released by the hypophysis gland, 5-HT is able to modulate thyroid activity in reptiles (SCIARRILLO et al.
6) Hormones secreted by the anterior lobe of hypophysis cerebri.
Moreover, severe histopathologic changes were detected not only in lungs and heart but also in liver and hypophysis, whereas kidneys, in this respect, were almost normal.
When the hypothalamus and hypophysis are affected, polydipsia, diabetes insipidus, hypogonadism, hypoadrenalism, hypothyroidism and, less frequently, hyperprolactinemia might be seen.
The anterior lobe of the hypophysis secretes beta endorphin and ACTH as a reaction to the insertion of an acupuncture needle.