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If volume is not adjusted, fluid overload can occur, potentially resulting in hyponatremia, seizure and death.
The baby, however, was born two months premature, with respiratory problems, a possible hemorrhage and severe hyponatremia, which is low-sodium concentration in the blood and is associated with congestive heart, liver and kidney failure and pneumonia.
There was also some uncertainty over the clinical significance of the small decreases in serum sodium in patients during the course of the 3-month studies, which evaluated two gender-specific doses that were lower than the higher doses previously studied that were associated with an increased risk of hyponatremia.
The investigators found that patients with chronic hyponatremia - at least two sodium values below 135 mmol/L at least 1 year apart - were far more likely to be later diagnosed with osteoporosis (adjusted odds ratio, 3.
Patients were grouped according to serum sodium levels; normonatremia (135-145 mmol/L), mild hyponatremia (131-134 mmol/L), moderate hyponatremia (126-130 mmol/L), severe hyponatremia ([less than or equal to] 125 mmol/L), and hypernatremia (>145 mmol/L).
In the vast majority of cases, hyponatremia reflects an excess of water relative to sodium stores, which leads to dilution of the total body sodium (1).
Some early symptoms of hyponatremia are similar to dehydration and include nausea, headache, muscle spasms and swollen fingers.
Hyponatremia, cerebral edema, and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema in marathon runners.
Hyponatremia represents an abnormally low concentration of sodium in the serum (range of normal: 135 to 145 mEq/L).
Severe hyponatremia in a patient with mantle cell lymphoma treated with bortezomib: A case report and review of the literature.
Infusions of hypertonic (3%) saline have been used for severe hyponatremia.
There were no heat strokes, no systemic cramping, and no exertional hyponatremia.
When runners drink in spite of not being thirsty, a potentially fatal condition - exercise-associated hyponatremia, is caused, which can dilute the sodium content of blood to abnormally low levels and the safest way experts suggest is to drink only when thirsty.
Our patient had hyponatremia and hepatic dysfunction.
These disorders of water and salt metabolism include transient diabetes insipidus (DI), early or delayed hyponatremia, DI followed by hyponatremia (biphasic pattern), DI-hyponatremia-DI (triphasic pattern), permanent DI, and cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS).
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