Anomalous cognition in hypnagogic
state with OBE induction: An experimental study.
9) The underlying pathology of narcolepsy involves a marked reduction in orexin functioning with corresponding excessive sleepiness and related symptoms, such as cataplexy, hypnagogic
hallucinations, and sleep paralysis.
Narcolepsy is an obstinate neurological disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic
hallucinations, sleep paralysis, and disturbed nocturnal sleep patterns.
As Wilbur remarks, the fluid shifting of the figures suggests the behavior of hypnagogic
images; but the agitation of the draperies would also produce a perpetual ambiguity of architectural form, and the effect would resemble that which Pevsner ascribes to the interior of San Vitale in Ravenna; "a sensation of uncertainty [and] of a dreamlike floating.
Mishara does not focus on emotions but looks into the connections between the creative mind and anomalous states of consciousness so as find neural mechanisms of hypnagogic
The patient was a six-year-old girl whose parents reported all four cardinal symptoms of narcolepsy--paroxysmal sleep, cataplexy, hypnagogic
hallucinations, and sleep paralysis--but she was misdiagnosed as having atypical epilepsy (despite the absence of EEG evidence) and a variety of other diagnoses by several internists and neurologists at eight hospitals over a period of 10 months before the correct diagnosis was confirmed by conducting a Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) and an overnight polysomnography (PSG).
Stich notes that "Almeda's period, in conjunction with her evidently hypnagogic
sensitivities and loss of ordinary consciousness, causes her to connect with her mother, seemingly trying to redeem her by unthreading the symbolic roses from the constraints of conventional artifice or social decorum" (120).
Salvador Dali was a great believer in the power of the hypnagogic
state and gained the majority of his inspiration from utilising it.
We all have hallucinatory impressions from time to time in the hypnagogic
state - that period of drowsiness just before we fall asleep, when we may hear phantom music and voices, or see flashes of odd images.
The apocalyptic mien was maybe overripe--chic like the "grit faces" of the step dancers hired to model Rick Owens's spring/summer 2014 collection--but the dancing was radical, brilliant, hypnagogic
The "reverie" appears in the form of a hypnagogic
dream in Charles Dickens's David Copperfield (1850).
However, the reader is never allowed to decide conclusively if or when the dream has given way to "reality": the poem takes place in a hypnagogic
or hypnopompic borderland.
It is a disorder characterized by uncontrollable brief episodes of sleep (sleep attacks), hypnagogic
hallucinations, cataplexy, and sleep paralysis.
While excessive daytime sleepiness generally persists throughout life, sleep paralysis and hypnagogic
hallucinations may not.
Vorstellung, we actually see her triumph over popular negative iconography when without recourse to necromancy she manages to suppress an especially poignant and possibly devastating elegiac event in consciousness: a hypnagogic
image of one's wedded spouse in a coffin ("Wakefield", 292).