and soft ticks occur in different habitats.
The scutum is the dorsal plate or shield covering the cranial part of the body in female hard ticks
and the entire dorsal surface in male hard ticks
(the full scutum of male hard ticks
limits the increase in size with engorgement).
2013) analyzed an overall tick prevalence reported Hyalomma as dominant (61%) over other genera of hard ticks
The biology of soft ticks differs from hard ticks
in several ways.
A study to investigate prevalence of theilleria infected hard ticks
of dairy cattle and buffalo was carried out in Faisalabad, Jhang and Khanewal districts of Punjab, Pakistan.
Each year in the Netherlands during 2007-2009, -70,000 bites by hard ticks
occurred per 1 million inhabitants (2).
Identification of an uncultivable Borrelia species in hard tick
Ambylomma americanum: possible agent of Lyme disease-like illness.
The main vector of Lyme disease in Italy is the hard tick
(Ixodes ricinus), a species widespread in mountain regions populated by wild ungulates (2).
Prevalence of Theileria annulata infected hard ticks
of cattle and buffalo in Punjab, Pakistan.
5) Studies in India have shown that there are 109 species in India, out of which 88 belong to the family Ixodidae of hard ticks
First survey of hard ticks
(Acari: Ixodidae) on cattle, sheep and goats in Boeen Zahra and Takistan Counties Iran.
Lyme borreliosis is transmitted by hard ticks
(Ixodes species); and RFB are transmitted by the same hard ticks
that transmit Lyme disease as well as soft ticks and body lice.
There are 786 kinds of ticks in the world which can be categorised in two kind including hard ticks
and soft ticks.
Contrarily, KLOMPEN et al (2000) suggested that the hard ticks
evolved 120 Mya later, after Australia became relatively isolated.
Unlike hard ticks
that embed in the host, soft ticks feed briefly (up to 30 minutes) and typically at night, so most patients are unaware that they have been bitten (5,6).