Toumeyella parvicornis periodically causes mortality of seedlings and saplings of hard pines
and severe damage to pole stands in North America (MacAloney 1961; Rabkin & Lejeune 1954; Wilson 1971; Kosztarab 1996).
The cabins are built of a hard pine
, harder than Scandinavian pine, and the way the wood is manufactured makes them totally wind-proof.
Longleaf pine: Florida pine, Georgia hard pine
, North Carolina pitch pine, Texas long leaved pine and turpentine pine.
As JNF Ranger Bob Boardwine observed, hard pine
species are now fading on his New Castle District's southwestern slopes, reflecting the successful 50-year-old fire-suppression era.
in general have heavier, harder wood than soft pines.