2 () 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, also called simply tetrafluoroethane, R-134a, Genetron 134a, Suva 134a or HFC-134a, is a haloalkane
refrigerant with thermodynamic properties similar to R-12 (dichlorodifluoromethane), but without its ozone depletion potential.
Genotoxicity of haloalkene and haloalkane
glutathione S-conjugates in porcine kidney cells.
In animals, both of these cytokines may be affected by exposure to carbon tetrachloride, a haloalkane
similar to chloroform, and to phosgene, a metabolite of chloroform (Sciuto et al.
Detection of in vivo genotoxicity of haloalkanes
and haloalkenes carcinogenic to rodents by the alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis (comet) assay in multiple mouse organs.
Also of importance are the traces of acidic and basic impurities found in many solvents (acetonitrile, haloalkanes