Ballyhoo were also larger than silverstripe halfbeak (1) in Florida Bay, where these species both occurred (Fig.
During summer months, balao becomes more common than ballyhoo, but daily catch rates of both halfbeak species are low, so the overall value of the fishery drops.
The hardhead halfbeak, Chriodorus atherinoides, and sailfin flyingfish are also not targeted but are caught incidentally and sold primarily in bulk.
In conclusion, halfbeak landings by the south Florida lampara net fishery have been relatively stable since 1986, and a new source of summer revenue has developed from flyingfishes.
Hyporhamphus meeki, a new species of halfbeak (Teleostei: Hemiramphidae) from the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States.
1994) and found that the numbers of halfbeak eggs and larvae were too few for characterizing the spawning grounds.
Sampling occurred throughout the south Florida commercial halfbeak fishing grounds, from Palm Beach to the Marquesas Keys (Fig.
In total, weight data were collected for 2908 halfbeak females from 79 commercial fishing net sets (63 different fishing days) and 59 fishery-independent sampling events (50 different sampling days).
By applying these GSI criteria, which indicate that females with a GSI greater than about three had oocytes in FOM, it is evident that the average mature halfbeak female is actively spawning from at least March to August.
These species were northern anchovy, topsmelt, slough anchovy, jack smelt, Pacific sardine, shiner surfperch, Pacific mackerel, California grunion, deepbody anchovy, California halfbeaks
, and striped mullet (juveniles).
From November 1988 to August 1991, the FDEP also completed a survey of the halfbeak fishery independent of the MFIS program.
Annual halfbeak landings have progressed through three phases during the past four decades: 1) a phase when fishing rates and demand were low from 1950 to about 1965, 2) a phase during which the annual landings rapidly increased - 1966-70, and 3) a phase when landings have been relatively high and stable since about 1971 (Fig.
Based on the assumption that halfbeak landings have been relatively stable since 1971, then landings during this third and most recent phase have been maintained at about 480,000 kg (1.
Compared with Florida's other baitfish species, halfbeak landings were relatively small but the value was quite high.
11 Winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus 8 Atlantic menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus 7 Sea horse Hippocampus erectus 7 Atlantic cod Gadus morhua 6 Fourspot flounder Paralichthys oblongus 2 American plaice Hippoglossoides platessoides 2 Wrymouth Cryptacanthodes masculatus 2 Pollock Pollachius virens 1 Filefish Monocanthus hispidus 1 Halfbeak
Hyporhamphus unifasciatus 1 Longhorn sculpin Myoxocephalus octodecimspinosus 1 Unidentified fish Teleostei 34 Spiny dogfish Squalus acanthias 13 Skate Raja (spp.