The hafting material determines the morphology of the traces and polish proved to be most significant, while scarring can be used as supportive evidence.
The action determines the hafting trace pattern, i.
Secondary variables, like raw material coarseness, presence of retouch, tool protrusion from the haft and tool morphology, merely cause variations on the hafting trace pattern.
Prehistoric Hafting and Mobility in the North American Midcontinent: Examples from Illinois, Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 13:51-73.
Each method has a particular potential for the interpretation of hafting traces, bur each also has its limits.
A low power analysis is thus very suitable for inferences concerning the hafting arrangement used.
This strongly hampers identifications of the hafting arrangement used.
The second indirect argument for hafting consists of fractures.
While the above characteristics and variables allow the identification and interpretation of hafting traces, a second and equally important step consists of the evaluation of the potential of each approach (i.
Reshaping retouch can be identified based on prehension or hafting traces.
The identification of the exact hafting arrangement allows an evaluation of the ease of these processes and whether a hearth is required or preferable (e.
While use can be deduced based on microscopic use-wear traces, hafting traces can provide supplementary data.
Bright Spots and the Question of Hafting, Anthropologica et Praehistorica 113: 61-71.