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Related to guanosine: guanosine monophosphate
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  • noun

Synonyms for guanosine

a nucleoside component of DNA

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References in periodicals archive ?
Phosphodiesterases--a class of enzymes that break down the phosphodiester bond in second-messenger molecules, such as cyclic AMP and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP).
Standard substance of cordycepin, adenosine, guanosine and uridine purchased from Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.
Guanosine and inosine display antioxidant activity, protect DNA in vitro from oxidative damage induced by reactive oxygen species, and serve as radioprotectors in mice.
Abbreviations BPH --benign prostatic hyperplasia LUTS --lower urinary tract symptoms PDE --phosphodiesterase PDE5 --phosphodiesterase type 5 IPSS --International Prostate Symptom Score PVR --post voiding residuum Qmax --maximal urine flow PSA --prostatic specific antigen UA --urinalysis ED --erectile dysfunction NO --nitro oxide cGMP --cyclic guanosine monophosphate NOS --nitric oxide synthase nNOS --neuronal nitric oxide synthase eNOS --endothelial nitric oxide synthase iNOS --immune cell nitric oxide synthase Ca++ --calcium DRE --digital rectal examination FDA --Food and Drug Administration DHT --dyhidrotestosterone
Therefore, scientists are constantly seeking ways to improve exercise capacity through the addition of health promotion strategies and anti-oxidants, to prevent the accumulation of oxidative damage indices such as malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyl and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxy guanosine (8-OH-dG) (3, 4).
While on the one hand, nitric oxide acts as the key intracellular messenger in the actions of estrogen and progesterone via the Nitric oxide-cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (NO-cGMP) physiological pathway, on the other, it is involved in the antioxidant property of the endothelial cells.
A related animal study published in November 2014 in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications showed that L-citrulline plus L-arginine supplementation caused a more rapid increase in plasma L-arginine levels and marked enhancement of NO bioavailability, including plasma cGMP (Cyclic guanosine monophosphate) concentrations, than with dosage with the single amino acids.
In humans this primarily occurs on cytosine residues when they occur immediately 5' ("upstream") to a guanosine residue, or what is usually referred to as a CpG dinucleotide.
Rheb is a Ras-like small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) that shuttles between an active guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-bound form and an inactive guanosine driphosphate (GDP)-bound form.
Sildenafil induces accumulation of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) peripherally, in the human corpus cavernosum (Snyder & Bredt, 1991; Uthayathas et al.
PDE5 is responsible for the degradation of cGMP to guanosine monophosphate.
Combined with sexual stimulation, PDE-5 inhibition increases cyclic guanosine monophosphate concentrations, which relaxes the corpus cavernosum smooth muscle, resulting in increased blood flow and intra-cavernosal pressure and facilitating penile erection.
RNA molecules contain four standard nucleosides, adenosine (A), guanosine (G), cytidine (C), and uridine (U).
This work focuses on a multi-step synthesis procedure for the production of a modified guanosine nucleoside bearing a 5'-carboxylic acid in place of the native 5'-hydroxy group.
Zhang focuses on how guanosine 50 -triphosphatases complexes (GTPases) interact with one another between signal receptors (SR) and signal receptor particles (SRP) of proteins.