Similarly, larval graysby were rarely collected before 1995 (occurring in 2 of the 10 years between 1986 and 1995), but they have become more common in samples during recent decades (7 of the 10 years between 1996 and 2005) and are often collected in multiple months within a year.
Graysby are considered fall spawners throughout their range (Richards et al.
However in the Straits of Florida, flexion and post-flexion larval graysby were collected farther offshore than were preflexion larvae of the species (Fig.
The relative increase in occurrence of fall-spawned larvae was best illustrated by the rapid rise in the number of larval graysby collected.
Hamlets V Hypoplectrus puella Barred hamlet V Serranus tigrinus Harlequin bass V Cephalopholis cruentatus Graysby
V Cephalopholis fulvus Coney V P Epinephelus guttatus Red hind V P Epinephelus mystacinus Misty grouper L Mycteroperca rubra Comb grouper D Mycteroperca tigirs Tiger grouper Sn Paranthias furcifer Creolefish V P Rypticus saponaceus Greater soapfish V Malacanthidae Malacanthus plumieri Sand tilefish V P Carangidae Elagatis bipinnulata Rainbow runner P Seriola sp.
gag, black, red, scamp, red hind, rock hind, coney, graysby
, yellowfin, yellow-mouth, tiger)
Simulation of the impact of fishing on reproduction of a protogynous grouper, the graysby
Unidentified stingray 31 Diplectrum formosum Sand perch 32 Elagatis bipinnulata Rainbow runner 33 Epinephelus adscensionis Rock hind 34 Epinephelus cruentatus Graysby
35 Epinephelus flavolimbatus Yellowedge grouper 36 Epinephelus fulvus Coney 37 Epinephelus guttatus Red hind 38 Epinephelus inermis Marbled grouper 39 Epinephelus itajara Jewfish 40 Epinephelus morio Red grouper 41 Epinephelus striatus Nassau grouper 42 Gerres cinereus Yellowfin mojarra 43 Ginglymostoma cirratum Nurse shark 44 Gymnothorax spp.
Simulation on the impact of fishing on reproduction of a protogynous grouper, the graysby.
Biology of the graysby, Epinephelus cruentatus, of the coral reef of Curacao.
1996) in coney (Cephalopholis fulva), graysby
(Cephalopholis cruentata), and yellowedge grouper (Epinephelus flavolimbatus) were not found in black groupers ovaries during our study.