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  • noun

Words related to goitrogen

any substance (such as thiouracil) that induces the formation of a goiter

References in periodicals archive ?
Contrary to the previous observations that smoking (both active and passive) is an important goitrogen (32), there was no difference in the incidence of active and passive smoking between goitrous children and controls in our study.
Iodine metabolism in response to goitrogen induced altered thyroid status under conditions of moderate and high intake of iodine.
Variable effects of goitrogens in inducing precocious metamorphosis in sea lampreys (Petromyzon marinus).
An additional group was administered the goitrogen PTU (6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil; Sigma-Aldrich Chemicals GmbH, Steinheim, Germany), which served as a reference control for TH effects.
Despite the finding that PCBs uniformly reduce circulating levels of TH in experimental animals, PCBs do not exert effects in experimental animals that are fully consistent with experimentally produced hypothyroidism using goitrogens such as propylthiouracil (PTU).
Chemical goitrogens such as propylthiouracil and methimazole reduce the expression of these same genes (70, 71).
In addition, a few other foods not included in these categories, such as peaches, strawberries, peanuts, radishes, spinach, and millet, also contain goitrogens.
Some other toxic substances present in seeds and which limit their nutritional value are goitrogens, cyanogens, phenolic compounds, plasmin, saponins, arginase inhibitor, metal binding constituents and anti-vitamins [11, 12].
Transient congenital hypothyroidism in an iodine-replete area is not related to parental consanguinity, mode of delivery, goitrogens, iodine exposure, or thyrotropin receptor autoantibodies.
9) Known goitrogens include perchlorate (found in food and drinking water (10)), nitrate (also found in food and drinking water (11)), and thiocyanate (found in cigarette smoke and in cabbage, brussels sprouts, and other cruciferous vegetables (12)).
Compounds known as goitrogens in soy, broccoli, and cauliflower can disturb thyroid functions in susceptible individuals with iodine deficiency.
Despite the correction of iodine deficiency in most areas, endemic goiter still persists in regional areas, indicating the additional pathogenetic role of genetic factors and/or naturally occurring goitrogens.
The figure of 150 [micro]g/day in adults is based on the following assumptions and observations, and in order to provide an extra margin of safety and to meet increased demand that may be imposed by naturally-occurring goitrogens under certain condition.
It has been thought that goitrogens, natural chemicals in soy, interfere with iodine absorption in the thyroid.