While describing these tasks, Jamalian gestured
in a straight horizontal line, gestured
in a circle or made no gestures.
Goldin-Meadow, Butcher, Mylander, and Dodge (1994) found that the 10 children who were deaf whom they studied gestured in ways that are conventional to language, such as combining gestures into sentence structures.
2000) studied the expressive gestures in young children who were congenitally blind and found that they more often gestured in near space because of vision loss and used early speech when their sighted counterparts used gestures.
Just after dismissal from morning circle, Colin gestured with his hand under his nose (a motor reenactment of the same hand position used when he held the cinnamon bottle under his nose).
In the colour versus shape task, as well as one that asked children to sort pictures based on size and spatial orientation, younger children who gestured
often were more accurate in their choices than older children who gestured