While describing these tasks, Jamalian gestured
in a straight horizontal line, gestured
in a circle or made no gestures.
It is highly likely that in this case the teachers would have been unsure in what way and when they gestured
and find it virtually impossible to accurately describe their movements.
Goldin-Meadow, Butcher, Mylander, and Dodge (1994) found that the 10 children who were deaf whom they studied gestured
in ways that are conventional to language, such as combining gestures into sentence structures.
Martin's earlier films, such as In the Palace, 2000, and Birds, 2001, were concerned with reanimating the universalist language of European modernism's first avant-garde, whose tropes of artifice, color, form, and abstraction gestured
toward an emancipatory unification of art and life.
On one hand, Cohen and Harrison (1973) found that speakers gestured
less when speaking over an intercom than in face-to-face communications.
An observer viewpoint gestured
"excludes the speaker's body from the gesture space and his hands play the part of the character as a whole" (p.