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4] Transmission is by contaminated food or by geophagia.
A cross-sectional analytical study of geophagia practices and blood metal concentrations in pregnant women in Johannesburg, South Africa.
In West Africa, particularly Ghana and Togo, geophagia involves ingestion of a creamy-white loamy clay soil locally known as ayelo in Accra, Ghana.
Some researchers make the distinction in these terms between geophagia and geomania, defined as "an uncontrollable urge to eat large quantities of earth even to the point of death" (Halsted, "Geophagy in Man" 1384).
There are two factors that put people at risk for infection: 1) contact with raccoons, their feces, or the contaminated environment and 2) geophagia of pica.
Geophagia in Turkey: Iron and zinc absorption studies and response to treatment with zinc in geophagia cases.
The risk of zinc deficiency (moderate or severe) is substantially increased by conditioning factors, such as, intestinal malabsorption, catabolic illness, alcoholism, cirrhosis, hemolytic anemias, renal failure, certain, medications (diuretics, steroids and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors), blood loss by parasitic infestations, geophagia and an excessive loss of zinc due to sweating .
We try to show how in the logic of a strategy of sustainable development, the shift from a geophagia approach to a geosophic approach to development is the necessary consequence when we have to rely on various development disequilibria in order to develop a policy whose principles are based on a reasoned use and consumption of space.
Contributors survey the evidence to find who consumes the inedible, then focus on cultural perceptions of food and non-food, human identity in consumption, pica behavior, nutritive aspects of geophagia and its biological consequences, human zinc deficiency, lime as a nutritive element, non-human primate and human consumption of materials with low nutritional value, non-foods in famine, marginalized practices such as eating garbage, cannibalism as a myth and rarity, family influence and socialization, waste products used in alcoholic beverages, and the roles of cats, insects, and snot in cultured eating.
Geophagia in man: its nature and nutritional effects.
Geophagia (clay ingestion) is the most common form of pica, occurring in tribe-oriented societies as well as in people living in the tropics.
Geophagia is prevalent in this age group (Stagno et al.
Our psychologist told us he had seen many cases of stress-induced geophagia.
Small children are particularly vulnerable through accidental geophagia.
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