Certain institutions are responsible for each certain engineering infrastructure which regulates topographic maps composed by geodesists
Cline is a geodesist
with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Silver Spring, Maryland.
Geography was obviously associated with the construction of different kinds of maps, and when Didier Robert de Vaugondy published his influential Essai sur l'Histoire de la Geographie in 1755 he included mathematical cartographers, geodesists
, and descriptive geographers under the heading of "geographie.
get around that problem by putting antennas on top of buried concrete pillars, but Blewitt rejected this approach because concrete can deform and shrink over the years.
of Latvia University of Agriculture, Faculty of Rural Engineering, as a static 4 hour measurements.
In fact, the authors' intended audience is extremely diverse, including beginners, experienced users, programmers, geodesists
, and administrators.
On land, the datum used by geodesists
, surveyors, and engineers, is the Geodetic Survey of Canada Datum (GSCD, or GD).
iCGRS is already being used by national mapping agencies around the world, meteorogical offices like that in the United Kingdom, and Louisiana's Gulfnet, which provides a common reference network of GPS data to a vast array of surveyors and geodesists
In the last few years, geodesists
, using a technique called Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI), have been able to detect these motions directly by comparing the arrival times of quasar radio signals on opposite sides of plate boundaries (SN: 12/21 & 29/85, p.
2000)--requesting to extend and improve the Vertical Network around the Baltic Sea--both Latvian and Lithuanian geodesists
included the new state levelling networks to the United European Levelling Network (UELN) (Ernsperger, Kok 1986; Lang, Sacher 1995; Sacher et al.
It seems unlikely that the grid systems designed for cartographers, surveyors, and geodesists
can easily accommodate the casual user of geospatial technologies, or even should.
Therefore, the photogrammetric processing of images becomes easier and provides required precise data for geodesists
, cartographers, geographers, forest engineers, geologists, GIS users, etc.
The recommendations of the TsNIIGAiK's expeditions were approved by the Institute's Scientific Council, which included such prominent Soviet geographers, cartographers, and geodesists
as Professor Y.
Geodetic Reference System 1980, Bulletin Geodesique, the Geodesists
They also secured "a nucleus of German geodesists
and mathematicians who were removed to the U.