Most doublings in this environment do not admit of gemination, and unless one is certain, it is best to avoid lengthening these consonants.
When the stem of an -ir verb ends in an 'r' and the ending likewise begins with an 'r', gemination is required (Table 2).
In addition to proper nouns, several words of technical, specialist, academic, or foreign origin will optionally take gemination, such as attique, illico, allogene, hellenique, gamma, and kappa.
9) Such gemination is independent of orthographic doubling, because:
a) a single consonant may receive the gemination, as in formidable.
Is primary gemination associated with greater phonetic duration than other lengthening phenomena, i.
excluding the gemination effects triggered by a following long vowel, whereas the Ingrian examples are transcribed with lengthened consonants before long vowels.
These consonants most affected by lengthening are those targeted by the historically earlier process of primary gemination that is also found in many Finnish dialects.
The longest of the lengthened consonants, the one in CVCVV feet arising through primary gemination, differed from all other phonemic short consonants, but did not differ from any of the phonemic geminates.
If consonant gemination was originally motivated by considerations of contrast maintenance as suggested by H.