Parliamentary debates proposed the idea that 'the new species of offence', garotting, was more 'allied to the Thug system than anything else', an association reflected in this poem from Punch of 1862:
Even before the garotting panic, it was not unusual for Victorian gentlemen to design their own weapons.
A range of weapons began to appear in response to the rising panic over garotting.
Public concern over garotting was renewed when on July 17th, 1862 the Member of Parliament for Blackburn, Hugh Pilkington, was assaulted as he walked to the Reform Club from the House of Commons.
Antigarotte, they call this, what a misnomer--It has been garotting me, until my jugular, was as thick as my fingers
Incidences of garotting had diminished by the mid-1860s but the paranoia and fascination the crime had inspired lingered until the 1900s.
An underlying reason for the garotting scares was fear of working-class indiscipline and social insubordination, and a widespread concern that convicted prisoners were treated too leniently.
On the London garotting panics, see Rob Sindall, Street Violence in the Nineteenth Century (Leicester University Press, 1990), and the article by Jennifer Davis, `The London garotting panic of 1862' in Crime and the Law (ed.
Viewed in the terms of a moral panic, the initial deviance was the terrible mutilation of the Ripper's first victim, Polly Nichols in August 1888; this was a `new' crime just like the Mohocks' outrages, the Monster's assaults and the garottings, and provoked revulsion and fear.