The guild of galling
insects in the Restinga de Marambaia includes only three orders: Diptera, Hemiptera, and Lepidoptera, being less diverse than in most other areas of restinga.
fagi as that are conical, glabrous, yellowish, and one-chambered with only one larva of the galling
Nevertheless, their levels of nutrients can confirm not only that the gall is an adaptation to improve feed quality for the galling
herbivore but also for the maintenance of gall metabolism.
insect distribution on Psychotria barbifora (Rubiaceae) in a fragment of atlantic forest.
Furthermore, natural enemies could also be strong selective forces against galling
on more favorable, shaded habitats (Fernandes and Price 1992).
Remnants of galling
insects in particular are easily collectible and identifiable, as each insect develops its own distinct gall type that remains observable even after the insect has abandoned the structure.
Data for galling
were analyzed by analysis of variance using Agrobase (Agronomix Software, Inc.
The nematine sawflies can be divided into eight informal groups based on the galling
site on the host plant and gall morphology: (1) species with free-living larvae; (2) leaf folders or rollers; (3) leaf blade gallers; (4) apical leaf gallers; (5) basal leaf gallers; (6) midrib and petiole gallers; (7) stem gallers; and (8) bud gallers.
This media can also become lodged in ejector pin holes in the die, as well as in mounting plate holes, leading to binding and galling
How aphids choose leaves: the role of phenolics in host selection by a galling
Relationships between galling
insects and their host plants are very sensitive to environment alteration, especially those that interfere on physiological features of hosts (Fernandes et al.
Vigour of a dioecious shrub and attack by a galling
We focused on these specific questions: (1) how does fire affect the incidence of galling
and browsing, and within-plant gall distributions?
A RKN-tolerant red clover cultivar, Cherokee, was recently released with lower root galling
and nematode reproduction in response to nematodes common in the U.
To test for any effects due to potting, galling
rates on wild plants at all four sites were compared to galling
rates on plants transplanted back to their site of origin.