The researchers performed MRI scans on 167 stroke patients upon admission to the hospital without administering gadolinium
and compared them to scans taken using gadolinium
two hours and 24 hours later.
5] have used all these performance indicators to numerically determine the cooling and overall performance of a micro-channel AMR magnetic refrigerator using gadolinium
and water as MCM and heat transfer fluid respectively.
View more information about potential risks of gadolinium
Doerfler, "The hyperintense acute reperfusion marker on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging is caused by gadolinium
in the cerebrospinal fluid," Stroke, vol.
7 times increased incidence of allergic reactions to gadolinium
in patients who have had an allergic reaction to iodinated contrast.
Since the meninges do not have a blood-brain barrier, the order of timing of the MR images after the gadolinium
enhancement is likely not an important factor.
Agents such as pentoxifylline, sodium, thiosulfate, and imatinib mesylate might improve skin fibrosis, but prevention through avoidance of gadolinium
exposure in at-risk patients is advocated.
The Commission on the Safety of Human Medicines in the UK issued letters to doctors advising against the use of gadolinium
in June 2007.
New or active MS lesions often show gadolinium
enhancement (9) or increased signal intensity on DWI.
For example, gadolinium
diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid can be found under the main entries for gadolinium
-DTPA, gadopentetate and Gd-DTPA.
On post gadolinium
T1W sequence the lesion showed peripheral rim enhancement with central necrosis suggestive of abscess.
The dyes in question contain gadolinium
and are used in MRI scans that provide detailed pictures of internal organs and in similar scans that image blood vessels.
Five case-patients had no identified gadolinium
exposure within 1 year preceding NFD diagnosis.
has been found in skin biopsies of affected patients, but the specific cause for the disease is not yet known.
has announced its Neodymium Doped Gadolinium