Periodontal parameters were calculated using the community periodontal index need bleeding on probing tooth mobility and furcation
17) However, with respect to a functional PTP for the general dental practice, only the following principal diagnostic criteria can be addressed: age, PD, CAL, BOP, tooth mobility, furcation
involvement, and percentage of radiographic bone loss.
Several studies in the past have reported the use of materials like amalgam, polymeric reinforced zinc oxide eugenol, glass ionomer and resin ionomer restorative materials to treat advanced furcation
invasions [10, 11, and 12].
Grade I indicates a short but distinct change in the contour of the CEJ extending toward the furcation
, Grade II designates when the CEP approaches the furcation
without making contact with it, and Grade III denotes that the CEP extends into the furcation
In the process of searching for canal orifices, perforations of the crown can occur either peripherally through the sides of the crown, or through the floor of the chamber into the furcation
Sealing ability of one up bond and MTA with and without a secondary seal as furcation
perforation repair materials.
Evaluation of setting properties and retention characteristics of mineral trioxide aggregate when used as a furcation
perforation repair material.
Periodontal attachment loss around multi-rooted teeth has been shown to lead to progressive exposure of the furcation
The measurements of the upper first molars buccal alveolar bone thickness (BABT) and palatal alveolar bone thickness (PABT) were made from the furcation
of the teeth to outer corner of the bone in the coronal sections in which mesiobuccal and palatal roots were both seen (Figure 6).
Comparative study of ultrasonic instrumentation for the non-surgical treatment of interproximal and non-interproximal furcation
Although MTA has been used to treat furcation
or lateral perforation defects,4 there are limited data about its use in non-surgical treatment of external resorptive defects in the middle third of the root.
3,4) Considering its aforementioned properties, ABBM has been successfully used in regenerative treatment of intra-bony and furcation
7A and 8): Radius 3-6 branched, 2-4 r-m crossveins, Media with MP1 multibranched (from 2 to 5), MP2 and MP3 unibranched, MP4 2-branched, a postnodal line built from 3-6 im crossveins; 1 m-cua crossvein, CuA (except short furcation
The post-op radiograph shows infill of bone distally and in the furcation
The data collected included periodontal attachment loss, probing depth, and furcation
involvement in 2 randomly selected quadrants per person.